Types of Disorders
Delusional Disorder

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Sometimes referred to as paranoia, this disorder is portrayed in the media more heavily than it actually occurs. There is little written about this disease, which is not surpising considering it's rarity.


A well supported delusion (in that it is ably defended) is the chief and often time the only symptom of disease. Other characteristics appropriate to the delusion can also be present, such as resentment or aggression.


The delusion may manifest itself as any of the following types:

Persecutory type, in which the individual believes he or she is being threatened or mistreated my others.

Grandiose type, in which victims of the disorder believe that they are extraordinarily important people or are possessed of extraordinary power, knowledge or ability.

Jealous type, in which the delusion centers on the suspected unfaithfulness of a spouse or sexual partner. This delusion is more common than others.

Eroticmatic type, in which individuals convince themselves some person of eminence, often a movie star or well-known political figure (often whom they have never met but to whom they have written frequently) is in love with them.

Somatic type, in which the false belief focuses on a delusional physical abnormality or disorder.

One extremely rare instance of this disease is called folie deux. It results from a close relationship with someone else who already has a delusional disorder, often under a closed environment. Both persons then share the delusion, such as the situation in the movie "Nell," where the main character is raised away from society with only her sister to associate with.

It is important to note the distinguishing factor between this disorder and paranoid schizophrenia is that in this disorder the symptoms of hallucination, incoherence, and loosened association are not present. This disorder occurs in middle-aged to older persons. However it is free from further deterioration or any type of remission. Typical is the diseased's unwillingess to participate in treatment or associate casually. It is generally believed that this delusional disorder stems not from genetic or physical means, but rather from pathological early life experiences.

Article 1999 Orlando Rojas

HTML 1999 Katrina Spoor